Theophrastus Paracelsus: the founder of paramedicine

Prof. O.A. Oparin.

Kharkov Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education

The article shows that the personality of Paracelsus is one of the most controversial in the history of medicine, constantly struggling on the one hand between genuinely scientific research, observation and mystical, alchemical experiments, and on the other hand between the high purpose of the doctor and the lowest vices. It is established that in the works of Paracelsus, mystical teachings dominated: about jatro-chemistry with its alchemical conception of human nature; guidance options the evil eye; about the signature – the mysterious signs, left ostensibly by nature on the form of plants; about the astral body and the microcosm; alchemy and astrology; and the methods of treatment were based on purely linguistic means in the form of arkans and sympathetic means. It is shown that Paracelsus was the founder of paramedicine, laying the foundation for the formation in the future of homeopathy, animal magnetism, the doctrine of auras, healers and extrasensory, which contributed to and contribute to the repression of medical science and practice, a truly scientific component in place of mystical and charlatan. It is noted that the passion of Paracelsus with mysticism had an extremely unfavorable effect on his personal life, who was finally mired in drunkenness and depravity.

Key words: Paracelsus, medicine, mysticism, paramedicine.
Oparin AA. [Theophrastus Paracelsus: the founder of paramedicine]. Shidnoevr. z. vnutr. simejnoi med. 2018;1:44-52. Russian.


1. Barashnev IuI. Palomnichestvo v proshloe meditsiny. Moscow: Triada-kh; 2013. 296 p. Russian.
2. Bauer V, Diumots I, Golovin S. Entsiklopediia simvolov. Per. s nem. Moscow: «KRON-PRESS»;1995. 512 p. Russian.
3. Beidzhent M, Richard L. Eliksir i kamen’.Traditsii magii i alkhimii. Moscow: Eksmo; 2004. 416 p. Russian.
4. Bellin EF. Gipnotizm, ego znachenie v nauke, prave i sudoproizvodstve. St. Petersburgh: T-ia Min-va Vnutrennikh del; 1898. 46 p. Russian.
5. Bekhterev V. Psikhika i zhizn’. St.Petersburgh: I-e K.L. Rikkera; 1904. 206 p. Russian.
6. Borodulin FR. Istoriia meditsiny. Izbrannye lektsii. Moscow: Medgiz; 1961. 252 p. Russian.
7. Vasilii Valentin. Alkhimicheskie traktaty. Kostroma: Por-Roial; 2008. 592 p. Russian.
8. Verkhrats’kii SA. Іstorіia meditsini. Kiev: Zdorov’ia; 2011. 352 p. Ukrainian.
9. Gartman F. Zhizn’ Paratsel’sa i sushchnost’ ego ucheniia. Moscow: Aleteiia; 2001. 222 p. Russian
10. Gessmann GV. Tainye simvoly alkhimii, farmatsevtiki i astrologii srednikh vekov. Kyiv: Por-Roial; 2007. 224. Russian.
11. Gogolitsyn IuM. Tainy geniev i zlodeev. St.Petersburgh: OLMA-PRESS; 2002.
12. Zabludovskii PE, Kriuchok GR, Kuz’min MK, Levit MM. Istoriia meditsiny. Moscow: Prosveshchenie; 1981. 352 p. Russian.
13. Zudgof K. Meditsina Srednikh vekov i epokhi Vozrozhdeniia. Moscow: Vuzovskaia kniga; 1999. 160 p.
14. Petrov BD. Istoriia meditsiny: Materialy k kursu istorii meditsiny. Moscow: Medgiz; 1954. 282 p. Russian.
15. Pflug-Gartung. Istoriia Novogo vremenі. St.Petersburgh: Brokgauz-Efron; 1910. 308. Russian.
16. Istoriia srednikh vekov. V 2 t. Kosminskij EA, editor. Moscow; 1952. Russian.
17. Kovner S. Istoriia srednevekovoi meditsiny. Kyiv: Tip .imper. un. sv. Vladimira; 1893.
18. Lemann. Illiustrirovannaia istoriia sueverii i volshebstv ot drevnosti do nashikh dnei. Kyiv; 1991. 400 p. Russian.
19. Maier P. Paratsel’s – vrach i providets. Razmyshleniia o Teofraste fon Gogengeime. Moscow: Aleteiia; 2003. Russian.
20. Meier-Shteineg T, Zudgof K. Istoriia meditsiny. Moscow: Gosizdat; 1925. 464 p. Russian.
21. Miller A. Istoriia khristianskoi tserkvi. V 2 t. FRG, Biefild: GBV, 1994.
22. Mul’tanovskii MP. Istoriia meditsiny. Moscow: Meditsina; 1961. 348 p. Russian.
23. Oparin AA. Meditsina Srednikh vekov. Religiia. Filosofiia. Sueveriia. Skhіdnoevropeis’kii zhurnal vnutrіshn’oї ta sіmeinoї meditsini. 2015;1:75—81. Russian.
24. Oparin AA. Istoriia Drevnei i Srednevekovoi meditsiny. Khar’kov: Fakt; 2017. 784 p. Russian.
25. Robertson D. Istoriia khristianskoi tserkvi. V 2 t. St.Petersburgh: I-e I.L. Tuzova; 1890—1891. Russian.
26. Skliarova EK, Zharov LV. Istoriia meditsiny. Rostov-na-Donu: Feniks; 2014. 346 p. Russian.
27. Sorokina TS. Atlas istorii meditsiny: Srednie veka (1476—1640): Uchebnoe posobie. Moscow: Izd-vo UDN; 1983. 192 p. Russian.
28. Berger EE, Tutorskaia MS, Balalykina DA. Khrestomatiia po istorii meditsiny: uchebnoe posobie. Moscow: Litera; 2012. 617 p. Russian.
29. Shaff F. Istoriia khristianskoi tserkvi. V 8 t. St.Petersburgh: Bibliia dlia vsekh; 2008—2010.
30. Shoifet MS. 100 velikikh vrachei. Moscow: Veche; 2004. 31 p. Russian.
31. Iung KG. Fenomen dukha v iskusstve i nauke. Sobr. soch. v 19 t. Moscow: Renessans; 1992. Russian.
32. Iuten S. Povsednevnaia zhizn’ alkhimikov v Srednie veka. Moscow: Molodaia gvardiia, Palimpsest; 2005.
33. Domandl S. Paracelsus, Werk und Wirkung, Festgabe fr Kurt Goldammer zum 60 Geburtstag Wien, 1975.
34. Kerner D. Zur Todeskrankheit des Paracelsus. Mat. Med. Nordmark. 1960;XI(10).